Education is the systematic process of fostering learning, or the acquirement of skills, knowledge, attitudes, values, morals, habits, and beliefs. There are many types of education. Some of these are traditional face-to-face education, which usually happen in schools, and some are online education. Educational systems can be classroom based, community based or rely on professional certification. Some of these include physical education, occupational education, health and safety education, science and engineering education, home education and special education.
Education can be done in two ways. One is formal education and the other is informal education. In formal education, one learns to use a teacher-to-student system, whereas in informal education, information is passed from one individual to another using multiple forms such as oral communication, written communication, videos and audio communication. Most of the education policies across the world have been framed keeping both informal and formal approaches in mind. This has led to a number of developments in the field of education including the development of different type of technologies to facilitate learning.
Informal education refers to the way by which people learn, on their own. It includes experiences, observations, discoveries, and the combination of formal and informal learning methods. An informal education system is less structured and less formal than a formal education system. This makes it an ideal option for children who are more flexible, more adaptable, and who are not good at taking orders from a teacher.
In informal learning process, people get to learn from experiences and observations. It is also called self-directed learning. An informal education system may incorporate activities that are designed to promote critical thinking, problem solving, and creativity. A major part of the curriculum in formal schools includes a form of experiential learning, which is a highly interactive process that allows students to apply knowledge or to develop new skills through a hands-on experience.
There are many schools in Afghanistan that are operating on the conditions laid down by the government regarding the quality of the education system. Many schools in Afghanistan have made significant improvement in the quality of education they deliver to their students. In addition, in the recent past, there has been considerable improvement in the performance and coverage of students in the formal educational systems of Afghanistan. However, the school dropout rate is a big challenge for the government in terms of developing a well-structured school curriculum.
For all these reasons, the World Bank and the governments of countries like Afghanistan should work closely together to improve the quality of education in Afghanistan. Improving the quality of education is very important for a country to develop its economy. Not only is education an important factor for economic growth, it is also a key factor in ensuring a person a safe and happy life. Moreover, a well-structured education system in Afghanistan would help it to participate successfully in the global education market. The combination of world bank assistance and a determined effort by the Afghan government will certainly help achieve this goal. What’s more, the impact of the education on the whole community and society in Afghanistan can be seen in the increased number of marriages between people from different backgrounds.